Capola Mountain Mine
The Capola Mountain Mine is near Maurertown, Virginia. Historically the site has been associated with the Cedar Creek Valley Mining District which is now part of the George Washington National Forest. The site was first discovered before 1860. The Capola Mountain Mine was closed at the time of data entry with no known plans to re-open. Past operations took place before 1860 to 1938. Production size when active was considered to be small. Mine operations consist of surface and underground workings. There is one known shaft. The ore mined is composed of manganite, pyrolusite and limonite. The ore body is described as irregularly shaped 244 meters (800 feet) long, 12 meters (39 feet) wide, and 5 meters (18 feet) thick. The host rock in this area is sandstone from the Upper Devonian epoch 382.70 to 358.90 million years ago. The Middle Section of the Appalachian Highlands characterize the geomorphology of the surrounding area.
Site identification and general characteristics. Learn about USGS mines.
Additional textual information about a site or mine.
ABOUT 1. 4 KM (0. 9 MI) WEST ON STATE ROAD 713 FROM ITS INTERSECTION WITH STATE ROAD 603 TO VAN BURNE FURNACE, MINE IS 0. 6 KM (0. 4 MI) SOUTH OF THE FURNACE AT THE CREST ON THE SOUTHWEST END OF CAPOLA MOUNTAIN.
Formal or informal mining district names.
LARGE AMOUNTS OF MANGANESE ORE WERE SHIPPED OUT BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR. MINE WAS OPERATED ABOUT 1880 BY THE VAN BUREN FURNACE CO ., WHICH IS SAID TO HAVE SHIPPED SOME MANGANESE ORE. IN 1937 M. C. SMITHSON AND ASSOCIATES, OPERATING AS SOUTHERN ORES, INC ., EXCAVATED THE LARGE OPEN CUT AND TUNNELS. THE COMPANY BUILT A MILL AT THE WESTERN END OF THE CUT, WHICH OPERATED UNTIL 1938 WHEN THE MILL BURNED DOWN. 805 TONS OF ORE WAS SHIPPED IN 1937 AND 1938. THE ORE WAS HAULED BY TRUCKS TO WOODSTOCK AND SHIPPED ON THE SOUTHERN RAILWAY. IN 1940 JOHN E CULLY AND ASSOCIATES, KNOWN AS THE ALLIED MANGANESE CORPORATION, OPENED A CUT INTO AN OLD DRIFT FORMERLY REACHED ONLY BY A SHAFT. THE COMPANY HAD DONE CONSIDERABLE PROSPECTING BY THE SPRING OF 1941, BUT NO ORE HAD BEEN SHIPPED.
Workings at the site.
WORKINGS CONSIST OF PITS, SHAFTS, TUNNELS AND AN OPEN CUT. THE OPEN CUT IS 91. 5M (300 FEET) LONG, FROM 3. 7 TO 12 M (12 TO 40 FEET) WIDE, AND FROM 6. 1 TO 12 M (20 TO 40 FEET) DEEP. THERE WERE AT LEAST 11 SHAFTS ON CAPOLA MOUNTAIN. TUNNELS INCLUDED DRIFTS, STOPES, AND CROSSCUTS. FOR A DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE WORKINGS SEE MONROE (1942 ), PP. 136-137. ONE SHAFT IS REPORTED TO HAVE BEEN 20 M (67 FEET) DEEP AND 3 M (10 FEET) SQUARE.
Processes that concentrated or enriched the mineralization of the mine.
FOR GEOLOGY SEE YOUNG AND RADAR (1974).
Characteristics of the ore body.
Geologic structural features affecting or characterizing the site or mine.
Tectonic setting in which the site or deposit is situated.
Physiographic area where the resource is found.
Controls on emplacement of ore such as faults or other structural features.
LARGE AMOUNTS OF MANGANESE ORE WERE SHIPPED OUT BEFORE THE CIVIL WAR. SEVERAL CARLOADS OF IRON ORE AND SOME MANGANESE ORE WAS SHIPPED OUT BY THE VAN BUREN FURNACE CO.
Other deposits in the same region.
Capola Mountain Prospect
West Bank Mine
Sugar Hill Prospect
Frank Peer Prospect
James Orndorff Prospect
James Orndorff Prospect
Ralph Orndorff Prospect
Ralph Orndorff Prospect
Upper Cedar Creek Mine
* Mine bounds on map indicate the general area that a mine occupies. For an detailed map, refer to the overseeing BLM field office.
** The mine central point is based on an average of the mine's bounding box(es) and does not necessarily fall on the claim itself.
1 World-class significance is determined by total endowment of the contained commodity. This includes all past production and remaining reserves. Each commodity is considered separately and commodities cannot be combined to arrive at a significant size. The tonnage thresholds are from the mine model grade-tonnage studies. As of June 2008, many entries were classified as significant under less strict rules.
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ORE BODY OCCURS IN A BED OF PEBBLY SANDSTONE 3. 7 M (12 FEET) TO 7. 6 M (25 FEET) THICK, NEAR THE TOP OF THE RIDGELEY SANDSTONE. THE MANGANESE ORE IS IRREGULARLY DISTRIBUTED IN VEINLETS, IN FRACTURE FILLINGS AND IN IRREGULAR MASSES WHERE IT HAS REPLACED THE SANDSTONE. THE DEVELOPED AND MINED ORE BODY APPARENTLY EXTENED EASTWARD FROM THE MOUTH OF THE OPEN CUT FOR A DISTANCE OF ABOUT 244 M (800 FEET) AND WAS FROM 1 TO 5. 5 M (3 TO 18 FEET) WIDE, BECOMING NARROWER WITH DEPTH. THE OPEN CUT WAS THE PRINCIPAL SOURCE OF ORE.