Livengood Creek Gold Mine
The Livengood Creek Gold Mine is in Livengood, Alaska. Historically the site has been part of the Tolovana Mining District. The ore mined is composed of scheelite, cassiterite and gold.
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PLACER MINING HAS TAKEN PLACE FROM 1914 TO THE PRESENT. MUCH OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION HAD BEEN CONFINED TO RELATIVELY SHALLOW PAY IN TRIBUTARIES OF LIVENGOOD CREEK. BY 1939, A LARGE AURIFEROUS BENCH THAT OCCUPIED THE NORTHWEST LIMIT OF LIVENGOOD CREEK VALLEY WAS DEFINED (BUNDTZEN AND OTHERS, 1982 ). THIS BENCH WAS COVERED BY 80 TO 110 FEET OF MUCK BUT BECAUSE THE PAY STREAKS WERE THAWED, EXTENSIVE DRIFT MINING WAS NOT POSSIBLE. A LARGER COMPANY, LIVENGOOD PLACERS, WAS FORMED TO DEVELOP THESE BENCH DEPOSITS, WHICH VARY FROM 100 TO 1, 000 FEET IN WIDTH AND EXTEND FOR AT LEAST 6 MILES (BUNDTZEN AND OTHERS, 1982 ). GOLD RESERVES OF OVER 1 MILLION OUNCES WERE DEFINED BY DRILLING PRIOR TO 1940. A DREDGE OPERATED NEAR THE TOWN OF LIVENGOOD IN 1940, 1946 AND PROBABLY OTHER YEARS (COBB, 1976; OFR 76-633, P. 115 ). IN THE WINTER OF 1981, LIVENGOOD JOINT VENTURES (LJV ), A CONSORTIUM OF ASAMERA MINERALS, CANADIAN NATURAL RESOURCES, AND STANFORD MINES OF CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES, CONTRACTED DOYON, LTD ., TO STRIP OVERBURDEN FROM THE BENCH AND CONSTRUCT A LARGE SETTLING POND; BOTH PROJECTS WERE COMPLETED IN JUNE, 1981 (BUNDTZEN AND OTHERS, 1982 ). ANNUAL PRODUCTION FROM 1978 T0 1981 VARIED FROM 800 TO ABOUT 3, 000 OUNCES OF GOLD (BUNDTZEN AND OTHERS, 1982 ). THE WASHING PLANT FOR THIS OPERATION CONSISTED OF TWO SLUICE BOXES FED BY A DOZER OR FRONT-END LOADER. BY 1981, A LARGE WASHING PLANT WAS ACQUIRED. ALASKA PLACER DEVELOPMENT REPORTED MINING ACTIVITY ON THE LIVENGOOD BENCH IN 1988, 1994, 1996 AND 1997. IN 1994, A CREW OF 8 TO 10 PROCESSED APPROXIMATELY 156, 000 CUBIC YARDS OF AURIFEROUS PAY USING OPENCUT-HYDRAULIC MINE TECHNOLOGY (SWAINBANK AND OTHERS, 1995, P. 28 ). IN 1996, ALASKA PLACER DEVELOPMENT CONDUCTED A VIGOROUS EXPLORATION PROGRAM TO ASCERTAIN THE FULL EXTENT OF THE PAY ZONE (SWAINBANK AND OTHERS, 1997).
MERTIE (1918, P. 256 ), REPORTED THAT MOST OF THE MINING OCCURRED ALONG THE OLD CHANNEL FROM BENCH CLAIMS NORTHWEST OF LIVENGOOD CREEK. THE OLD CHANNEL HAS AN AVERAGE WIDTH OF 127 FEET, AN AVERAGE DEPTH TO BEDROCK OF 80 FEET, AND AT THE TIME OF MERTIE'S REPORT, HAD BEEN TRACED FOR APPROXIMATELY 4 MILES. THE BEDROCK IS MAINLY CHERT, WITH SOME GREENSTONE AND LIMESTONE. GOLD IS FOUND IN BASAL GRAVEL AND WEATHERED BEDROCK. CONCENTRATES CONTAIN GOLD, MAGNETITE, ILMENITE, LIMONITE, PICOTITE, HEMATITE, BARITE, AND PYRITE. BY 1939, A LARGE AURIFEROUS BENCH THAT OCCUPIED THE NORTHWEST LIMIT OF LIVENGOOD CREEK VALLEY WAS DEFINED (BUNDTZEN AND OTHERS, 1982).
STATUS IS ACTIVE
BUNDTZEN AND OTHERS, 1982
GOLD RESERVES OF OVER 1 MILLION OUNCES WERE DEFINED BY DRILLING PRIOR TO 1940 (BUNDTZEN AND OTHERS, 1982 ). ONE RESERVE ESTIMATE BASED ON DATA FROM 640 DRILL HOLES INDICATES ABOUT 17 MILLION CUBIC YARDS OF PLACER GRAVEL THAT WOULD AVERAGE ABOUT $2. 10 PER CUBIC YARD IN GOLD AT ITS 1976 PRICE (EBERLEIN AND OTHERS, 1977, P. 67).
Other deposits in the same region.
Livengood Bench Gold Mine
Ruth Creek Placer
Ruth Creek Gold Occurrence
Lillian Creek Gold Occurrence
Myrtle Creek Gold Mine
Fish Hook Mine
Lillian Creek Gold Prospect
Lillian Creek Gold Mine
Ruth Creek Gold Prospect
Satellite Gold Mine
* Mine bounds on map indicate the general area that a mine occupies. For an detailed map, refer to the overseeing BLM field office.
** The mine central point is based on an average of the mine's bounding box(es) and does not necessarily fall on the claim itself.
1 World-class significance is determined by total endowment of the contained commodity. This includes all past production and remaining reserves. Each commodity is considered separately and commodities cannot be combined to arrive at a significant size. The tonnage thresholds are from the mine model grade-tonnage studies. As of June 2008, many entries were classified as significant under less strict rules.
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MODEL NAME = PLACER GOLD DEPOSIT (COX AND SINGER, 1986; MODEL 39A).